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Future trends in Structural Engineering comprises of creating a vision for the future, assessing present scenarios and challenges, and finding ways to bridge the gap between today and tomorrow.
With new trends emerging in construction, such as modular construction, the future of structural engineering is going to be different yet better.

The vision:

Structural Engineering is set to emerge as an independent field of work. It will be involved with economic sustainability, public safety issues, risk management, and increasing use of new technologies.

Technology Advance:

Structural Engineers have always been leaders in Technological solutions. Structural Engineers were among the first to adopt computer analysis, automated design, the transition to computerized drafting and detailing and embrace building information modeling. Once routine tasks become automated, human minds are freed for further innovative thoughts. Structural Engineers need to bring about a natural harmony between human and machine. Structural Engineers will drive innovation with the help of technology in the future.


Structural Engineering is a high liability profession in which a single mistake causes loss of life and property. While working in an environment of high consequence, Structural Engineers tend to become conservative and to depend on tried and tested designs. Innovations in structural engineering enable engineers to build better and to overcome this risks.


Use of Building Information Modelling has already brought in more collaboration with stakeholders at the designing stage.

In fact, looking at the structural engineering trends, the most important trend since the advent of personal computing is BIM. It has established a way for the project teams to improve collaboration by working within a common, multi-discipline 3D environment. Structural engineering firms are beginning to adopt this technology for better-coordinated designs that are easier to communicate to clients.
Here’s what is in store for the future:

• New materials and systems will emerge that are smart, connected and adaptive as well as sustainable.

• Self-learning automated systems will make engineering tasks simpler and will empower engineers to offer high-value services.
• Manufacturing-driven innovations like machine learning, lean manufacturing, and modular construction will transform the construction site in response to a growing shortage in skilled domestic labour.

• The precast concrete, cold-formed steel, and timber industries have started to use model-driven workflows where labour costs are high and prefabrication brings benefits to project delivery.

More and more structural Engineers are moving beyond specialist roles as designers and taking on more responsibilities as leaders in the building process in the future. The future of structural engineering looks promising!


How prefabricated construction is better?

A prefabricated construction or a prefabricated building, informally a prefab is a building that is manufactured and constructed using prefabrication. It consists of factory-made components or units that are transported and assembled on site to form the complete building.

The meaning of the word prefabrication is the practice of assembling components of a structure in a factory or any manufacturing site and transporting all the assemblies and sub-assemblies to the construction site where the building will be established.

The house which is made of prefab is low in cost. The construction using prefab is permanent and detachable. Prefabricated building materials are used for buildings that are manufactured offsite and later shipped to the final location. There are some prefabricated building materials like aluminum, steel, wood, fiberglass, and concrete.

Since several decades, prefabricated construction has been around, et there seems to be a lot of confusion over its benefits. So let us see the advantages of prefabricated construction.

Prefabricated construction can lead to significantly shorter project schedules, greater safety for the workers who are involved in the project, better job site coordination and the greater controller over the quality of the materials.

Prefabricated construction is a combination of a good design with modern high-performance components and quality controlled manufacturing procedures. This work is divided in two stages.

  • Manufacturing of components in a place other than final location and
  • Their erection in position


Project schedule
One of the biggest advantage is a contractor can achieve the ability to meet and exceed project’s schedule on the construction site. Prefabrication offers a contractor the significant advantages in all areas like structural components, finish assemblies, mechanical assemblies etc. Another advantage is the ability to keep other trades working.

Like we all know that if we want to construct or build a building generally the all components and materials are at the site and the workers is busy doing their work related to construction. Sometimes workers get injured during the construction. All job site environments have some essential danger; it’s the nature of the field of construction. Prefabrication is viewed as a way of controlling jobsite hazards. Because the all work is done from the offsite location.

As we all know that when it comes to height the workers are couple feet up in the air thus greatly increasing the chances of a fall. So it’s worth repeating being able to build in a controlled, offsite environment. It’s greatly easier to implement specific protocols or procedures than on an active jobsite that is using “stick frame” construction.

So the prefabricated construction can decreases the ratio of hazards as compared to active jobsite construction.

Quality Control
In offsite location all the materials are checked by the professionals and are approved on the basis of quality over the active jobsite location.

FMI reports in a recent survey that the amount of project work using prefab has almost tripled from 2010 (13%) to 2016 (35%) and that is the indication that this process will not to slow down and reverse.

As more and more building professionals become familiar with the benefits of prefab they will use this technology. The clear benefits of very high-quality work combined with quick, cost-effective erection and environmentally friendly construction.

In prefabrication there are certain stages which are casting, curing, transportation and erection.

Precast components are casted with controlled cement concrete in moulds of required shapes and sizes. The vibrator is used to vibrate concrete and this removes any honeycombing inside the components.

After 24 hours of casting, the casted components are released from the mould and transported to curing tanks.

Transportation and erection
After completion of curing process, the components are transported to the site with heavy trucks and erection will be done using cranes with skilled labour force.

Some other advantages of prefabrication:

  • Saving in cost, material, time and manpower.
  • Shuttering and scaffolding is not necessary.
  • Installation of building services and finishes can be done immediately.
  • Independent of weather condition.
  • Components produce at close supervision so quality is good.
  • Clean and dry work at site.
  • Possibilities of reuse and alterations.
  • Correct shapes and dimensions are mentioned.

The prefab components and prefab structures eliminate space and time over conventional construction.